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Série d’exercices de C++ sur les tableaux



Voici une troisièmes série de langage C++ sur les tableaux, 10 exercices avec solutions pour bien maîtriser la notion des tableaux.

Cette liste commence par les exercices les plus faciles jusqu’à les plus difficile. Bonne apprentissage 🙂

Exercice 1 – Ecrivez un programme C ++ pour trouver le plus grand élément d’un tableau donné d’entiers.

solution :

#include<bits/stdc++.h> 
using namespace std; 
int find_largest(int nums[], int n) 
{ 
return *max_element(nums, nums + n); } 
int main() 
{ 
int nums[] = { 5, 4, 9, 12, 8 }; 
int n = sizeof(nums) / sizeof(nums[0]); 
cout << "Original array:"; 
for (int i=0; i < n; i++) 
cout << nums[i] <<" "; 
cout << "\nLe plus grand élément dans le tableau: "<< find_largest(nums, n); 
return 0; 
}

Exercice 2 – Ecrivez un programme C ++ pour trouver les trois plus grands éléments d’un tableau.

solution :

#include<bits/stdc++.h> 
using namespace std; 
void three_largest(int arr[], int arr_size) 
{ 
int i, first, second, third; 
if (arr_size < 3) 
{ 
cout << "Invalid Input"; } 
third = first = second = INT_MIN; 
for (i = 0; i < arr_size ; i ++) 
{ 
if (arr[i] > first) 
{ 
third = second; 
second = first; 
first = arr[i]; } 
else if (arr[i] > second) 
{ 
third = second; 
second = arr[i]; 
} 
else if (arr[i] > third) third = arr[i]; 
} 
cout << "\nLes trois plus grand éléments sont: " <<first <<", "<< second <<", "<< third; 
} 
int main() 
{ 
int nums[] = {7, 12, 9, 15, 19, 32, 56, 70}; 
int n = sizeof(nums)/sizeof(nums[0]); 
cout << "Original array: "; 
for (int i=0; i < n; i++) cout << nums[i] <<" "; 
three_largest(nums, n); 
return 0; 
}

Exercice 3 – Ecrivez un programme C ++ pour trouver le deuxième élément le plus grand dans un tableau d’entiers donné.

solution :

#include<bits/stdc++.h> 
using namespace std; 
void second_largest(int nums[], int arr_size) 
{ 
int i, first_element, second_element; 
/* There should be atleast two elements */ 
if (arr_size < 2) 
{ 
cout<< " Invalid Input "; 
return; 
} 
first_element = second_element = INT_MIN; 
for (i = 0; i < arr_size ; i ++) 
{ 
if (nums[i] > first_element) 
{ 
second_element = first_element; 
first_element = nums[i]; 
} 
else if (nums[i] > second_element && nums[i] != first_element) 
{ 
second_element = nums[i]; 
} } 
if (second_element == INT_MIN) 
{ 
cout<< "No second largest element"; 
} 
else 
{ 
cout<< "\nThe second largest element is: " <<second_element; 
} } 
int main() 
{ 
int nums[] = {7, 12, 9, 15, 19, 32, 56, 70}; 
int n = sizeof(nums)/sizeof(nums[0]); 
cout << "Original array: "; 
for (int i=0; i < n; i++) 
cout << nums[i] <<" "; 
second_largest(nums, n); 
return 0; 
}

Exercice 4 – Ecrivez un programme C ++ pour trouver k plus grands éléments dans un tableau d’entiers donné.

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solution :

#include<bits/stdc++.h> 
using namespace std; 
void kLargest(int nums[], int n, int k) 
{ 
sort(nums, nums+n, greater<int>()); 
cout << "\nLargest " << k << " Elements: "; 
for (int i = 0; i < k; i++) 
cout << nums[i] << " "; 
} 
int main() 
{ 
int nums[] = {4, 5, 9, 12, 9, 22, 45, 7}; 
int n = sizeof(nums)/sizeof(nums[0]); 
cout << "Original array: "; 
for (int i=0; i < n; i++) 
cout << nums[i] <<" "; 
int k = 4; 
kLargest(nums, n, k); 
}

Exercice 5 – Ecrivez un programme C ++ pour rechercher les éléments les plus petits et les plus petits dans un tableau d’entiers donné.

solution :

#include <iostream> 
using namespace std; 
int find_Second_Smallest(int array_num[], int n) 
{ 
int smallest_num, second_smallest_num; 
if (array_num[0] < array_num[1]) 
{ 
smallest_num = array_num[0]; 
second_smallest_num = array_num[1]; 
} 
else 
{ 
smallest_num = array_num[1]; 
second_smallest_num = array_num[0]; 
} 
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) 
{ 
if (smallest_num > array_num[i]) 
{ 
second_smallest_num = smallest_num; 
smallest_num = array_num[i]; 
} 
else if (array_num[i] < second_smallest_num) 
{ 
second_smallest_num = array_num[i]; 
} } 
return second_smallest_num; 
} 
int main() 
{ 
int n = 7; 
int array_num[7] = { 5, 6, 7, 2, 3, 4, 12 }; 
int s = sizeof(array_num) / sizeof(array_num[0]); 
cout << "Original array: "; 
for (int i=0; i < s; i++) 
cout << array_num[i] <<" "; 
int second_smallest_num = find_Second_Smallest(array_num, n); 
cout<<"\nSecond smallest number: "<<second_smallest_num; 
return 0; 
}

Exercice 6 – Ecrivez un programme C ++ pour trouver tous les éléments dans un tableau d’entiers comportant au moins deux éléments supérieurs.

solution :

#include<bits/stdc++.h> 
using namespace std; 
void find_greater_elements(int nums[], int n) 
{ 
cout << "\nÉlements qui ont au moins deux éléments supérieurs: "; 
for (int i=0; i<n; i++) 
{ 
int ctr = 0; 
for (int j=0; j<n; j++) 
if (nums[j] > nums[i]) 
ctr++; 
if (ctr >= 2) 
cout << nums[i] << " "; 
} } 
int main() 
{ 
int nums[] = {7, 12, 9, 15, 19, 32, 56, 70}; 
int n = sizeof(nums)/sizeof(nums[0]); 
cout << "Original array: "; 
for (int i=0; i < n; i++) 
cout << nums[i] <<" "; 
find_greater_elements(nums, n); 
return 0; 
}

Exercice 7 – Ecrivez un programme C ++ pour trouver l’élément le plus existant dans un tableau d’entiers.

solution :

#include<bits/stdc++.h> 
using namespace std; 
void most_occurred_number(int nums[], int size) 
{ 
int max_count = 0; 
cout << "\nMost occurred number: "; 
for (int i=0; i<size; i++) 
{ 
int count=1; 
for (int j=i+1;j<size;j++) 
if (nums[i]==nums[j]) 
count++; 
if (count>max_count) 
max_count = count; 
} 
for (int i=0;i<size;i++) 
{ 
int count=1; 
for (int j=i+1;j<size;j++) 
if (nums[i]==nums[j]) 
count++; 
if (count==max_count) 
cout << nums[i] << endl; 
} } 
int main() 
{ 
int nums[] = {4, 5, 9, 12, 9, 22, 45, 7}; 
int n = sizeof(nums)/sizeof(nums[0]); 
cout << "Original array: "; 
for (int i=0; i < n; i++) 
cout << nums[i] <<" "; 
most_occurred_number(nums, n); 
}

Exercice 8 – Ecrivez un programme C ++ pour trouver le prochain élément supérieur de chaque élément d’un tableau d’entiers donné. Ignorer les éléments qui n’ont pas de plus grand élément.

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solution :

#include<bits/stdc++.h> 
using namespace std; 
void next_greater(int nums[], int n) 
{ 
stack<int> data_stack; 
data_stack.push(nums[0]); 
for (int i=1; i<n; i++) 
{ 
int next_element = nums[i]; 
if (data_stack.empty() == false) 
{ 
int array_element = data_stack.top(); 
data_stack.pop(); 
while (array_element < next_element) 
{ 
cout << array_element << ": " << next_element << endl; 
if (data_stack.empty() == true) break; 
array_element = data_stack.top(); 
data_stack.pop(); 
} 
if (array_element > next_element) 
data_stack.push(array_element); 
} 
data_stack.push(next_element); 
} } 
int main() 
{ 
int nums[] = {4, 1, 5, 9, 12, 9, 22, 45, 7}; 
int n = sizeof(nums)/sizeof(nums[0]); 
cout << "Original array: "; 
for (int i=0; i < n; i++) 
cout << nums[i] <<" "; 
cout << "\nNext Greater Element:\n"; 
next_greater(nums, n); 
}

Exercice 9 – Ecrivez un programme C ++ pour trier un tableau d’entiers non trié, sous forme d’onde.
Remarque: Un tableau est sous forme d’onde lorsque array [0]> = array [1] <= array [2]> = array [3] <= array [4]> =. . . .

solution :

#include<iostream> 
#include<algorithm> 
using namespace std; 
void swap_elements(int *a, int *b) 
{ 
int t = *a; *a = *b; *b = t; 
} 
void array_wave(int nums[], int n) 
{ 
sort(nums, nums+n); 
for (int i=0; i<n-1; i += 2) 
swap_elements(&nums[i], &nums[i+1]); 
} 
int main() 
{ 
int nums[] = {4, 5, 9, 12, 9, 22, 45, 7}; 
int n = sizeof(nums)/sizeof(nums[0]); 
cout << "Le tableau originale: "; 
for (int i=0; i < n; i++) cout << nums[i] <<" "; 
array_wave(nums, n); 
cout << "\nLa forme d'onde de tableau: "; 
for (int i=0; i<n; i++) cout << nums[i] << " "; 
return 0; 
}

Exercice 10 – Ecrivez un programme C ++ pour trouver le plus petit élément manquant dans un tableau trié.

solution :

#include<iostream>
#include<algorithm>
using namespace std;

int smalest_missing_num(int nums[], int start_pos, int end_pos)
{
if (start_pos > end_pos)
return end_pos + 1;

if (start_pos != nums[start_pos])
return start_pos;

int mid = (start_pos + end_pos) / 2;

if (nums[mid] == mid)
return smalest_missing_num(nums, mid + 1, end_pos);

return smalest_missing_num(nums, start_pos, mid);
}

int main()
{
int nums[] = {0, 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10};
int result;
int n = sizeof(nums)/sizeof(nums[0]);
cout << "Original array: ";
for (int i=0; i < n; i++) 
cout << nums[i] <<" ";
result = smalest_missing_num(nums, 0, n-1);
cout << "\nLe plus petit élement est " << result;
return 0; 
}

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